State laws mandating or regulating mental health benefits

For similar arguments, see also Weigel's "The Just War Case for the War". This essay comes from the April 2006 First Things and attempts to "offer a just war defense of the moral probity" of the war in light of all that we know to this point. See also Bishop Wilton Gregory on the responsibilities that the United States now has to the people of Iraq as a result of occupying their country. See, especially, chapter 2: "The Problem with Torture." Why torture doesn't work: This essay by a neuroscientist argues that the use of techniques of torture doesn't reliably deliver the information that motivates the torturer because of how the brain works under the stress of what's inflicted. listview=0# The Torture Abolition and Survivors Support Coalition International: The TASSC was founded by and for torture survivors.

Its mission is to end the practice of torture and to assist survivors and their families.

Remarks by President Obama at the New Economic School, Moscow, July 7, 2009. Treaty reporting is a way in which the Government of the United States can inform its citizens and the international community of its efforts to ensure the implementation of those obligations it has assumed, while at the same time holding itself to the public scrutiny of the international community and civil society. The court thus granted monetary relief to the plaintiffs in the amount of 5.6 million, based on the unproven shortfall of the trusts’ actual value as compared to its statistically likely value. AIREI will recruit Native American students to join student/faculty teams to participate in community energy projects on tribal lands, with the mentorship of the Department’s National Laboratories. During fiscal year 2010, the EEOC received a total of 99,922 such charges (compared to 75,426 charges in fiscal year 2005, the year of the last report). 863 (2011) (Title VII anti-retaliation protections cover adverse actions against a worker in the “zone of influence” of the person who has engaged in protected activity, which includes firing the fiancé of a worker who filed an EEO complaint); Crawford v. The United States continues actively to address such issues through numerous legal and programmatic mechanisms, including through enactment and implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Healthcare Act of 2010. In addition to the protections for persons with disabilities in education and employment, discussed above, U. law also includes other more general protections for persons with disabilities. In authorizing Ambassador Rice to sign the Convention, the President issued remarks calling on the Senate to provide prompt advice and consent upon transmittal. The Department of Justice’s Community Relations Service (DOJ/CRS) provides conflict resolution services, including mediation, technical assistance, and training throughout the United States to assist communities in avoiding racial and ethnic conflict and preventing violent hate crimes on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion or disability. The Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U. These inmates are, to the extent practicable, managed separately from convicted offenders.

As Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has stated, “Human rights are universal, but their experience is local. Through these efforts DOE and the National Laboratory resources are integrated into the national American Indian STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) educational infrastructure, providing a significant contribution to the science education experience of Native American students, particularly those pursuing careers in energy development. Perhaps the most important long-term investment for any country, people, or individual is in education. law to enhance the role of tribes in the education of their youth and to give them greater flexibility in the use of federal funds to meet the unique needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students. health care system, enacted in March 2010, includes important provisions to reduce the gaping health care disparities that Native Americans still face. government has also made improving public safety in tribal communities a high priority; in 2009, Attorney General Holder announced a Department of Justice initiative for this purpose. Attorneys dedicated to prosecuting crime in Indian country in nearly two dozen districts. Of these, 36.3 % alleged retaliation, 35.9 % discrimination based on race, 29 % on sex, 23.3 % on age, 25.2 % on disability, 11.3% on national origin, and 3.8 % on religion.[1] The EEOC also conducts administrative hearings and adjudicates complaints of employment discrimination filed against the federal government as an employer, and it may award relief to federal government employees and applicants. Under a United States Supreme Court ruling interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), states must place qualified individuals with disabilities in community settings rather than in institutions, whenever community placement is appropriate, and when the placement can be reasonably accommodated, taking into account factors such as available state resources and needs of others with disabilities. The link to the President’s remarks can be found at: The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) also plays a key role in carrying out the President’s community living initiative. 345(a)(6); and · Periodically investigate and review Department, component, or element actions, policies, procedures, guidelines, and related laws and their implementation to ensure that such department, agency, or element is adequately considering civil liberties in its actions, 42 U. DOJ/CRS works with a panoply of racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including new immigrants as well as Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, South Asian Americans, Somali Americans, Ethiopian Americans, Arab Americans and others. To help manage the federal inmate population, and when it is cost effective and consistent with the agency’s mission and programs, in some cases BOP contracts with privately-operated prisons and community corrections centers (or halfway houses). Complaints about the failure of individual law enforcement officers to comply with procedural rights are made to federal and state authorities.

Thus, this report is not an end in itself, but an important tool in the continuing development of practical and effective human rights strategies by the U. The organization of this periodic report follows the General Guidelines of the Human Rights Committee regarding the form and content of periodic reports to be submitted by States Parties as contained in document CCPR/C/2009/1. On July 29, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Tribal Law and Order Act which requires the Justice Department to disclose data on cases in Indian country that it declines to prosecute and gives tribes greater authority to prosecute and punish criminals themselves. For example, classifications on the basis of racial distinctions must be justified as narrowly tailored to achieve a compelling governmental interest. More details about EEOC enforcement can be found at gov and in United States’ reports to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, available at Supreme Court has endorsed the importance of anti-retaliation provisions in a series of recent decisions arising under a variety of different civil rights protections. HHS’s Office for Civil Rights (HHS/OCR) is a member of the Coordinating Council, along with the Administration for Children and Families, the Administration on Aging, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, the Office of Public Health and Science, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Reaching out to immigrant communities continues to be an important means of addressing concerns regarding racial, ethnic, and religious discrimination. 2000ee-1, which require the DHS Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties to: · Review and assess information alleging abuses of civil rights, civil liberties, and racial, ethnic, or religious profiling, 6 U. The Department of Justice offers pamphlets on national origin discrimination in different languages, available at The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) also reaches out to immigrant communities to educate residents on their rights under the Fair Housing Act through publications that are translated into many languages. 2010), a federal appellate court held that constitutional habeas corpus jurisdiction did not extend to aliens held in law of war detention in the Bagram detention facility in Afghanistan. The Office of Inspector General within DOJ conducts such investigations.

The information supplements that provided in the United States Initial Report of July 1994 (CCPR/C/81/Add.4, published 24 August 1994, and HRI/CORE/1/Add.49, published 17 August 1994, with related supplemental information and hearings), as well as the information provided by the United States in its combined Second and Third Periodic Report (CCPR/C/USA/3), and information provided by the U. delegation during Committee meetings considering that report (CCPR/C/SR/2379-2381). The law includes new guidelines and training for domestic violence and sex crimes. See, e.g., Parents Involved in Community Schools v. In addition, examples of EEOC enforcement actions with regard to discrimination in employment under Title VII are set forth in the discussions herein, including examples of enforcement based on pregnancy and sexual harassment (Article 4), religion (Article (18) and religion/national origin (Article 20). DOJ/CRD enforces Title VII against state and local government employers. These agencies are tasked with aggressively addressing the barriers that prevent some individuals with disabilities from enjoying meaningful lives in their communities. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (CRCL) leads DHS efforts to develop relationships with communities whose civil rights may be affected by DHS activities. HUD has recently increased its efforts by reaching out to service providers and advocates that work directly with immigrant communities and educating those intermediaries on fair housing law. The Department of Defense (Do D), through its Military Equal Opportunity Program (Do D Directive 1350.2, Department of Defense Military Equal Opportunity (MEO) Program, August 18, 1995) works to ensure full equality of opportunity and freedom from harassment or discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The court relied on the facts, inter alia, that the United States exercises less control in Afghanistan than in Guantanamo, and that Bagram is located in an active theater of armed conflict. In addition, the BOP also investigates allegations of staff misconduct internally through its Office of Internal Affairs. If an alien fails to appear at his or her removal hearing, he or she will be ordered removed from the United States if the government establishes by “clear, unequivocal, and convincing evidence that the written notice was so provided and that the alien is removable,” 8 U.

Because at the time of our founding, I had no rights -- people who looked like me. In that context, there is a significant need as well as opportunity for fostering the development of future American Indian and Alaska Native leaders with the scientific and technological skill required to assist tribal communities in managing their lands and developing their energy resources. With the goal of expanding such testing to include discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, HUD held consultations with residents in five cities to offer ideas on how to test for such additional bases of discrimination. The EEOC enforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, Titles I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (as amended), Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. 271 (2009) (Title VII anti-retaliation protection extends beyond protection for filing a charge of discrimination and includes those who participate in internal investigations regarding workplace discrimination); Gomez-Perez v. During fiscal year 2010, HHS/OCR completed 1,859 new Medicare application reviews. Despite the legal protections in force and the work to ensure equal access to health care, some civil society representatives have raised concerns regarding racial and ethnic disparities in access to health services, including reproductive health services for women, and in some health indices in the population. DOJ has been actively pursuing enforcement actions in a variety of states to require community placements for persons with disabilities. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has embarked on a post-Olmstead initiative, using existing enforcement tools under Section 504, the Fair Housing Act, and title II of the ADA. In addition, other federal government departments also have active outreach programs to immigrant communities. The BOP places inmates in facilities commensurate with their security and program needs through a system of classification that allows the use of professional judgment within specific guidelines.

If our democracy did not advance those rights, then I, as a person of African ancestry, wouldn't be able to address you as an American citizen, much less a President. American Indians and Alaska Natives have the highest percentage of un-electrified and un-weatherized homes, and the highest rates for fuel and electricity in the country are found in tribal communities. OCR added new data items to the 2009-2010 CRDC, such as students’ participation in algebra and other college-preparatory subjects, retention, teacher experience/absenteeism, school funding, harassment, restraint/seclusion, and additional information related to discipline. This is one of the issues raised in civil society consultations. To identify racial and ethnic discrimination in housing, HUD and DOJ/CRD use testers of different backgrounds who apply for the same living accommodations. The EEOC is the lead federal agency dealing with employment discrimination. 474 (2008) (Age Discrimination in Employment Act protections against discrimination for federal employees and applicants includes prohibition against retaliation); CBOCS West, Inc. Through this program, HHS/OCR also provides technical assistance to Medicare applicants, reviews health care facilities’ policies and procedures for civil rights compliance, and sends clearance letters to facilities that have demonstrated compliance. Further, DOJ, which leads the federal government’s enforcement of the ADA, has stressed its renewed commitment to litigation under Olmstead, including its willingness to transform its approach to investigating and litigating cases involving the institutionalization of individuals with disabilities, so that DOJ can best realize the full promise of Olmstead. 242 may also be pursued against officers who mistreat incarcerated individuals, and civil remedies are also available against state authorities under 42 U. These facilities house approximately 177,600 federal prisoners.

Tom Carney, "Americans, especially Catholics, approve of torture": points to surveys that show that roughly 3 out of 4 American Catholics believe that torture can be justified under some circumstances Statement on torture from Pax Christi: A Pax Christi USA statement on the use of torture as a means of national security in the U. War on Terrorism, appeals to many documents from Catholic tradition "Alternatives to war in Afghanistan": excellent piece by David Cortright that argues against a military solution to the Taliban. "Unjust and Indefensible--Iraq: A Case Study": compares Afghanistan vs.

See also Cortright's "No Easy Way Out" that reassesses U. Iraq in terms of whether violence in those countries was justified: This essay is also a very good background both to the events leading away from 9/11 and up to war with Iraq, as well as the just war tradition as a whole. S.'s bombing of Afghanistan: Professor Marc Herold of the University of New Hampshire has combed records and news reports to try to arrive at a tally of civilians killed in Afghanistan.

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